Europe will not be the only one to put an end to the sale of thermal vehicles in 2035. California, the largest automobile market in the United States, has just adopted a similar text. By 2026, a third of cars sold in the state will already have to be electrified.
Published on 29/08/2022 – 17:30
Updated 30/08/2022 – 09:47.
California, largest automotive market in the United States with approximately 15 million vehicles for 40 million inhabitants, has just adopted a text similar to that endorsed in Europe three months ago and which provides for the end of the marketing of thermal engine vehicles (gasoline/diesel) from 2035. This measure thus formalizes the objectives of the Democratic Governor of the State, Gavin Newsom, set in a decree published in September 2020. It comes as the President of the United States, Joe Biden, promulgated a vast plan around health and climate at the end of August. The latter has a budget of 370 billion dollars to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40% by 2030, with, among other things, a tax credit for the acquisition of an electric vehicle*.
First objectives from 2026
To meet these objectives, the California Air Quality Bureau (CARB) has set a roadmap which provides, among other things, thata third of sales will be made by “zero exhaust emission” cars from 2026, then two-thirds by 2030.” The timetable is ambitious but achievable: when a child born this year reaches college age, only zero emission vehicles and a limited number of plug-in hybrid vehicles (PHEVs) will be available for sale for new cars in California explains Liane Randolph, President of CARB. Thanks to these various measures, it estimates that pollution from light vehicles will be reduced by 25% by 2037 and will reduce the number of deaths from cardiopulmonary diseases by at least a thousand. ” This will benefit all Californians, but especially the most economically and environmentally burdened communities along highways and other high-traffic thoroughfares. “said the spokesperson.
CO2 emissions halved in 2040
According to CARB, “ by 2030, there will be nearly 3 million fewer new thermal vehicles sold, and this figure will rise to 9.5 million vehicles by 2035 “. The local air quality office estimates that greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles will be halved by 2040. Over the period 2026-2040, the organization ensures that 395 million tonnes of CO emissions2 can thus be avoided, i.e. the equivalent of the production of 915 million barrels of oil. Californian regulations claim to be the most aggressive since they also require manufacturers to offer more durable vehicles (capable of maintaining at least 80% autonomy for ten years or more than 240,000 km) and improved warranties.
* To qualify, vehicle must be manufactured in a US plant and equipped with a battery produced in the US or Canada. This is enough to worry foreign manufacturers (European in particular), which represent around 70% of the electric cars currently sold in the United States.