PHOTO @ cdc.gov
Florida health authorities confirmed the first case of dengue fever on July 18, which was transmitted in Miami-Dade County.
Transmitted by mosquitoes, this disease usually has mild symptoms, but in its severe form it can be life threatening.
According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), dengue viruses are transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito of the Aedes species (Ae. aegypti or Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes also spread Zika, chikungunya and other viruses.
Dengue fever is not transmitted from person to person in the same way that COVID or monkeypox is transmitted. It is actually transmitted from person to mosquito to person to mosquito to person.
Generally, people recover after a week.
Here are the possible symptoms:
- Skin rash
- Pain usually behind the eyes, muscle, joint and bone pain
- Unusual bleeding and bruising
Severe dengue fever can lead to shock, internal bleeding and death. According to the World Health Organization, most cases of severe dengue have occurred in countries in Asia and Latin America.
The best way to prevent dengue fever is to avoid mosquito bites:
- Cover your skin by wearing shoes, socks, long pants and long-sleeved vests by minimizing your time outside if it is too hot or by hydrating well.
- Use a mosquito repellent lotion by reading the labels carefully because some repellents are not suitable for children.
- Search and get rid of standing water around his property;
- Repair screens as needed;
- Empty the water from garbage cans, gutters, buckets, pool covers, coolers, toys, flower pots or any other container where rain or watering water has accumulated;
- Maintain swimming pools in good condition and properly chlorinated or any filtration system used.
According to the CDC, there is no specific antiviral treatment for dengue fever.
As reported by the Miami Herald, if you are bitten by a mosquito and experience symptoms:
- Hydrate well;
- Take acetaminophen (Tylenol) for pain or fever, but do not take aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil), or naproxen sodium (Aleve, Voltaren) because severe dengue fever has been reported to “cause bleeding problems, and aspirin and ibuprofen can increase the risk of bleeding and gastritis.”
- See a doctor or go to the hospital if symptoms are severe.