in Iowa Ted Cruz wins against Donald Trump, Hillary Clinton and Bernie Sanders neck and neck

Voting for the US presidential primaries began on Monday, February 1, when the people of Iowa were called to the polls.

Voters from both the Democratic and Republican parties began casting their ballots at 7 p.m. local time at 1,681 polling places across the small, farming Midwestern state. For the candidates until then only separated in the polls, it is the real start of the race towards the presidential election of November 8. Iowa has been fighting since the 1970s to maintain this privilege, which allows it to wield disproportionate influence in relation to its population of three million. The New Hampshire primaries will follow next week, then the other states through June. Candidates from both parties will be nominated in July.

The results and the first estimates

Ted Cruz wins the Republican primary in Iowa ahead of billionaire and king of the polls Donald Trump. According to US news channels, the Texas senator won around 28% of the vote. Donald Trump (24%) ends up neck and neck with Marco Rubio (23%).

The nine other Republican candidates are far behind: Ben Carson won just over 9% of the vote. He oddly announced that he had to return home to Florida to “get some clean laundry” but that didn’t mean he was quitting the White House race and rejoining it on Wednesday.
Rand Paul finished at 4.5% ahead of Jeb Bush, son and brother of Presidents George HW Bush and George W. Bush, who collected less than 3% of the vote. John Kasich, Carly Fiorina, Mike Huckabee, Chris Christie and Rick Santorum are all within 2%. Mike Huckabee has also announced that he is retiring from the race.

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On the side of the Democrats, Hillary Clinton’s campaign team declared victory by a tiny margin against his rival Bernie Sanders. “After a thorough count and analysis of the results, there is no doubt,” announced the candidate’s campaign manager. The Democratic Party however refused to decide, placing Hillary Clinton ahead of Bernie Sanders but with a very small lead and indicating that there were still votes to be counted in a constituency. For the time being, the leader of the party claims that the former secretary of state had obtained 699.57 “equivalent delegates” at the end of a very complex designation system in the Democratic camps, against 695.49 for the senator. of Vermont clearly anchored on the left.

Bernie Sanders, challenger surprise d’Hillary Clinton

During these “caucuses”, the Republicans vote by secret ballot while the Democrats form groups by candidate in order to distribute delegates. Among the latter, Hillary Clinton, beaten here eight years ago by Barack Obama, tries to resist Bernie Sanders. The surprising 74-year-old senator from Vermont relentlessly attacks the former secretary of state over his ties to Wall Street.

This clearly left-leaning candidate is particularly popular among students, many of whom came to vote on the Drake University campus wearing a “Bernie” sign or t-shirt.

His label “democratic socialist” does not frighten the young democrats, who give him a standing ovation when he promises a “political revolution”. An unexpected success for the one who collected less than 10% of the voting intentions when he entered the campaign in April.

Bernie Sanders, however, does not attack his opponent on the matter of his personal email, through which information classified as secret a posteriori passed. This scandal “is not in the minds of the thousands of people I have met in recent weeks”, defended Hillary Clinton, questioned Monday on CNN on this subject. The candidate made her last meeting on Sunday January 31. On Monday, she brought donuts and coffees to her volunteers, the sinews of any field campaign. According to her, her team knocked on 186,000 doors in three days.

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Donald Trump divides the religious right

On the side of the Republicans, Donald Trump is given as a winner by the polls. The latest produced by Quinnipiac shows that it is the voices of voters voting for the very first time in the primaries that should help him. For seven months, the billionaire has been leading a campaign marked by the rejection of political elites and the “establishment” which seems to please Americans. “Underdogs like Donald Trump have never been more successful than this year”, analyzes David Redlawsk, a political scientist from Rutgers University. “There is a real desire to get out of the usual politics and find alternatives to what people see as a failed system.”

Donald Trump’s nationalist, anti-immigrant, anti-Muslim and “politically incorrect” rhetoric is popular with disillusioned voters. On the final day of campaigning, the one who promises “America will win so much you’ll be sick of winning”, was joined by Sarah Palin, a former vice-presidential candidate in 2008. However, the tycoon, three times married, divides the religious right, which helped crown the last two winners of Iowa’s “caucuses” in 2008 and 2012.

Many evangelical voters thus chose Texas Senator Ted Cruz, a member of the Tea Party. Hated in Congress for his permanent obstruction, he campaigns against “the Washington cartel”.
Third man, the telegenic senator from Florida Marco Rubio, of Cuban origin like Ted Cruz, hopes to bridge the gap between the evangelical wing of the Republican Party and the moderates.

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