On January 3, various events occurred that were marked in the almanac of international history..
From scientific discoveries, celebrity births and even tragic deaths, This was what happened in history, on a day like today.
Ephemeris, January 3:
1117: In Italy, an earthquake measuring 6.4 on the Richter seismological scale devastates much of the north-central part of the country, particularly Verona, leaving around 30,000 dead.
1496: In Italy, Leonardo da Vinci tests his flying machine for the first time.
1521: In Rome, Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther.
1749: In Denmark, the newspaper Berlingske Tidende, doyen of the universal daily press, hits the streets.
1777: In the Battle of Princeton (United States) the American general George Washington defeats the British general Charles Cornwallis.
1857: The Archbishop of Paris, Monsignor Sibour, is assassinated with a stab wound to the heart, while giving mass in a church.
1861: In the framework of the American Civil War, Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
1870: In New York, construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins.
1871: Henry W. Bradley patents oleomargarine.
1899: The New York Times magazine uses the word automobile for the first time.
1911: The United States orders the withdrawal of its troops from Nicaragua and recognizes the new government headed by Juan José Estrada.
1920: In Mexico several earthquakes and erupting volcanoes destroy towns and cause more than 7 thousand victims.
1921: Turkey makes peace with Armenia.
1924: In the civil pantheon of Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico, Felipe Carrillo Puerto, socialist governor of Yucatán, is shot after seizing public power from him, along with his brothers: Edesio, Benjamín and Wilfrido and 9 other collaborators.
1925: Benito Mussolini outlaws opposition parties, leaving the National Fascist Party the only one in Italy.
1932: In Honduras, martial law is declared to stop the revolt of the banana workers, fired by the United Fruit company.
1958: A New Zealand expedition, led by Edmund Hillary, reaches the South Pole.
1959 – Alaska becomes the 49th state in the United States.
1961: The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba. These two nations remained without diplomatic relations until their resumption in 2015.
1962: In Vatican City, Pope John XXIII excommunicates Cuban leader Fidel Castro.
1971: In Glasgow, 66 people die when a railing at the Celtic stadium collapses due to pressure from spectators.
1987: Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
1988: Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving Prime Minister of the 20th century.
1990: In Panama, President Manuel Noriega surrenders to US soldiers and is transferred to the United States.
1992: The United States officially establishes diplomatic relations with Russia.
1993: George Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the START II nuclear disarmament agreement, to reduce nuclear arsenals.
2004: A Boeing 737 plane from the Egyptian company Flash Airlines crashes in the Red Sea, killing all 148 passengers.
2006: Internet reaches one thousand one hundred million users (one in seven people on the planet has access to the Internet).
2009: The genesis block of the Bitcoin decentralized monetary network is created.
2012: The Lima Metro opens its doors after 23 years.
2020: Air attack on the Baghdad International Airport.
106: Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman philosopher and statesman (d. 43 BC).
1764 – Juan Aldama, Mexican insurgent (d. 1811).
1782: El Pípila, Mexican insurgent (d. 1838).
1925 – Jill Balcon, English actress (d. 2009).
1926 – George Martin, British musician and composer (arranger for The Beatles) (d. 2016).
1946 – John Paul Jones, British musician, of the band Led Zeppelin.
1951: Rosa Montero, Spanish journalist and writer.
1956 – Mel Gibson, American actor and filmmaker.
1975 – Thomas Bangalter, French musician, from the band Daft Punk.
1996: Florence Pugh, British actress.
2003 – Greta Thunberg, Swedish environmental activist.
1903: Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837).
1911: Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek writer (b. 1851).
1923: Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (b. 1883).
1924: Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Mexican politician, journalist, and revolutionary leader (b. 1874)
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