On January 3, various events occurred that were marked in the almanac of international history..
From scientific discoveries, celebrity births and even tragic deaths, This was what happened in history, on a day like today.
Ephemeris, January 3:
1117: In Italy, an earthquake of magnitude 6.4 on the Richter seismological scale devastates much of the north-central part of the country, particularly Verona, leaving around 30,000 dead.
1496: In Italy, Leonardo da Vinci tests his flying machine for the first time.
1521: In Rome, Pope Leo X excommunicates Martin Luther.
1749: In Denmark, the newspaper Berlingske Tidende, doyen of the universal daily press, hits the streets.
1777: In the Battle of Princeton (United States) the American general George Washington defeats the British general Charles Cornwallis.
1857: The Archbishop of Paris, Monsignor Sibour, is assassinated with a stab wound to the heart, while giving mass in a church.
1861: In the framework of the American Civil War, Delaware votes not to secede from the United States.
1870: In New York, construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins.
1871: Henry W. Bradley patents oleomargarine.
1899: The New York Times magazine uses the word automobile for the first time.
1911: The United States orders the withdrawal of its troops from Nicaragua and recognizes the new government headed by Juan José Estrada.
1920: In Mexico several earthquakes and erupting volcanoes destroy towns and cause more than 7 thousand victims.
1921: Turkey makes peace with Armenia.
1924: In the civil pantheon of Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico, Felipe Carrillo Puerto, socialist governor of Yucatán, is shot after seizing public power from him, along with his brothers: Edesio, Benjamín and Wilfrido and 9 other collaborators.
1925: Benito Mussolini outlaws opposition parties, leaving the National Fascist Party the only one in Italy.
1932: In Honduras, martial law is declared to stop the revolt of the banana workers, fired by the United Fruit company.
1958: A New Zealand expedition, led by Edmund Hillary, reaches the South Pole.
1959 – Alaska becomes the 49th state in the United States.
1961: The United States breaks diplomatic relations with Cuba. These two nations remained without diplomatic relations until their resumption in 2015.
1962: In Vatican City, Pope John XXIII excommunicates Cuban leader Fidel Castro.
1971: In Glasgow, 66 people die when a railing at the Celtic stadium collapses due to pressure from spectators.
1987: Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
1988: Margaret Thatcher becomes the longest-serving Prime Minister of the 20th century.
1990: In Panama, President Manuel Noriega surrenders to US soldiers and is transferred to the United States.
1992: The United States officially establishes diplomatic relations with Russia.
1993: George Bush and Boris Yeltsin sign the START II nuclear disarmament agreement, to reduce nuclear arsenals.
2004: A Boeing 737 plane from the Egyptian company Flash Airlines crashes in the Red Sea, killing all 148 passengers.
2006: Internet reaches one thousand one hundred million users (one in seven people on the planet has access to the Internet).
2009: The genesis block of the Bitcoin decentralized monetary network is created.
2012: The Lima Metro opens its doors after 23 years.
2020: Air attack on the Baghdad International Airport.
106: Marcus Tullius Cicero, Roman philosopher and statesman (d. 43 BC).
1764 – Juan Aldama, Mexican insurgent (d. 1811).
1782: El Pípila, Mexican insurgent (d. 1838).
1925 – Jill Balcon, English actress (d. 2009).
1926 – George Martin, British musician and composer (arranger for The Beatles) (d. 2016).
1946 – John Paul Jones, British musician, of the band Led Zeppelin.
1951: Rosa Montero, Spanish journalist and writer.
1956 – Mel Gibson, American actor and filmmaker.
1975 – Thomas Bangalter, French musician, from the band Daft Punk.
1996: Florence Pugh, British actress.
2003 – Greta Thunberg, Swedish environmental activist.
1903: Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler (b. 1837).
1911: Alexandros Papadiamantis, Greek writer (b. 1851).
1923: Jaroslav Hašek, Czech novelist (b. 1883).
1924: Felipe Carrillo Puerto, Mexican politician, journalist, and revolutionary leader (b. 1874)
Get the latest news in your email
Everything you need to know to start your day
Registering implies accepting the Terms and Conditions