Women who sunbathe several times a year are at a higher risk of developing endometriosis. It is a common abdominal disease that can cause severe pain, bowel problems, discomfort during intercourse, and infertility.
Although endometriosis is one of the most common abdominal diseases in women, little is known about the preventable risk factors. A recent US study by the University of Arizona now shows that there is apparently a connection between endometriosis and UV radiation: Women who went to the solarium more than three times a year as adolescents and young adults were at a third higher risk for it an endometriosis compared to the women who had never used the tanning bed.
The study also shows that there is a big difference between natural and man-made UV rays: women who lived in regions with high UV exposure had a lower risk of developing endometriosis. The researchers therefore suspect that the prevailing UVA radiation in the solariums is the cause of the increased risk of endometriosis in tanning beds.
Natural UV rays do not increase the risk
For the study, the researchers led by study author Dr. Leslie Farland data from women aged 25 to 42 who participated in the Nurses Health Study II. Among the 95,080 women included in the analyzes, there were 4,791 cases of endometriosis diagnosed by laparoscopy.
It is estimated that around one in ten women suffers from endometriosis. However, the number of unreported cases is probably significantly higher, since many women consider cycle-dependent pain to be normal. Due to the many, sometimes unspecific symptoms, it often takes years for doctors to diagnose the disease.
What: DOI 10.1093 / humrep / deaa280