Original title: This year, the world lost them | Farewell 2020㉔
Reporter | Sean
Due to the new crown epidemic, the topic of “death” is particularly heavy in 2020. And even if it is not affected by the virus, it cannot bypass the laws of nature. Many names that shone on the international stage have become history this year. Among them are civil rights defenders, outstanding athletes, pioneering scholars, and miracle entrepreneurs.
2020 is about to pass, let us review them together.
David Stern: the creator of the NBA golden age
“The game brought us here. Everything revolves around the game. Our job is to make the platform and presentation of the game better, and to make the game itself the best state ever.”
As soon as 2020 began, news of David Stern’s death was heard in the sports world.
The former president of the NBA for 30 years died of cerebral hemorrhage on January 1, 2020, at the age of 77. Stern is the longest-serving president of the NBA. Under his management, this American sports league has entered a golden age of great development and spread its influence to the world.
It can be said that Stern is the best lawyer in basketball and the person who knows basketball best.
On February 1, 1984, Stern officially became the fourth president of the NBA, which was the downturn of the NBA. At that time, there were only 5 live broadcasts of the NBA regular season. Many teams were struggling to make ends meet and were on the verge of bankruptcy. Some players even played multiple games with aliases in a day. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar and Julius Owen, who had the highest annual salary at the time, were only $650,000.
After taking office, Stern broke the shackles of development, eliminated the phenomenon of internal drug proliferation, proposed a “salary cap” system to guarantee player salaries, and introduced a “dress order” for players to reverse the league’s image in all directions. In addition, he used groundbreaking media and marketing cooperation, digitalization and social responsibility projects to bring a wonderful watching experience to billions of viewers around the world.
In the fourth year of his tenure, Stern brought NBA discs to China, signed a broadcast agreement with CCTV, and opened the door of the Chinese market.
The New York Times commented that Stern’s marketing vision transformed the NBA from a marginalized industry in the United States into a global brand, with big-name players serving as its ambassadors. By the time he retired in 2014, NBA games were spread to 215 countries and regions in 43 languages and had 15 overseas offices. Countless household names of stars also appeared during this period: “Magic” Johnson, Jordan, Kobe, James…
According to the NBA obituary, Stern is not only the greatest professional sports league president ever, but also one of the most influential business leaders. Every member of the NBA benefits from his vision, generosity and inspiration.
Kobe Bryant: Legend of the Black Mamba
“There is always someone who wants to win, so why can’t it be me?”
Kobe’s death is probably one of the most shocking news in 2020.
In the early morning of January 26, the 41-year-old basketball superstar’s helicopter crashed on a hillside near Los Angeles. None of the nine people on board survived, including his 13-year-old daughter, Gianna.
In this way, the world lost a star that was still shining off guard.
Bryant’s career is a legend: He played for the Los Angeles Lakers for 20 years, including 18 All-Star seasons, five championships, two finals MVPs, two scoring champions, and two Olympic champions. Recognized as one of the greatest players in basketball history.
2000year，enterNBA 4YearlyKobe won the first championship in his life,SubsequentlyalsoLead the Lakers to win three consecutive championships. This is the first miracle created by Kobe.Such a miracle almost became Kobe’s for more than ten years“normal”。
Go forward courageouslyof“Mamba Spirit”Supporting Kobe in20Maintained extremely hard work and extremely self-discipline throughout his career.“Have you seen Los Angeles at four in the morning?”becomeheDiligent footnotes.
In April 2016, the 37-year-old Kobe announced his retirement, bringing the “Mamba spirit” into his next hobby: film and television and business investment. Before he retired, Kobe had already begun to plan his business empire, established his own company Kobe Inc, and often personally visited some business giants to ask for advice on how to do business. He participated in the production and dubbing of the animated short film “Dear Basketball”, which won the Oscar for Best Animated Short Film in 2018.
As one of the most popular NBA stars in China, Kobe is a window for countless Chinese people to understand American society. “Foreign Policy” commented that Kobe is the closest person to the “ambassador to China” in the NBA. His annual trip to China during the offseason is always accompanied by a crowd of people, and the voice of “Kobe” is deafening.
No one thought that Kobe’s life would end in this way, making the world feel sorry for it.
Larry Tesler: creator of computer “copy and paste”
“Have you ever seen anyone use a mouse on a computer?”
What is the most used operating function of the computer?“copy and paste”It must be one of them.
2020year2month16day, The inventor of this feature and American computer scientist Larry·Tessler (Larry Tesler）Passing away forever74year old.
Tesler was a pioneer in the early computer science field, proficient in the field of human-computer interaction, and aimed to make computer systems more humane.
Worked in Silicon Valley at Thales1960In the age, most people would not use computers.At the timecomputerComplex operation,useenterwitheditWaitDifferent functionsTimestill needSwitch mode.
enterXerox Corporation (XeroxPalo Alto Research Centerjobsperiod，TeslerForWord processing softwareGypsyThe mouse operation and graphical user interface (GUI), becoming the cornerstone of the development of subsequent computer operating systems. Many of the computer elements that are taken for granted nowadays come from Tesler.
Tesler’s most well-known innovative achievement is the application of ancient and simple cut and paste actions to a computer system, and his colleague Mott (Mott Team) Co-invented the cut, copy, and paste function keys.
But these features were not widely adopted until Tessler left Xerox a few years later.，1984yearAs the first generation of Apple Computer Macintosh that just came out (Macintosh) The standard functions of the operating system are launched and popularized all over the world through Apple’s promotion.
And Tessler himself1980Invited by Apple’s founder Steve Jobs, he officially joined Apple in1993He was promoted to the post of chief scientist at Apple.During the period he participatedapplefirst setPocket PCNewtonofinterfacedesign.After leaving Apple, Tesler first founded a software company and later worked for Yahoo and Amazon.
After the death of Tessler, Xerox wrote on its official Twitter:“The reason why you can work easier is thanks to Tesler’s revolutionary creative ideas……Please join us in mourning and praising him.”
Jack Welch: the world’s first CEO
“Either fix it, or close it or sell it.”
inCEOIn such an elite group that needs strategy, courage, and experience at the same time, what kind of person can be called the “first”?Jack·Welch (Jack Welch) Well-deserved.
Welch is respected for leading General Electric to achieve rapid growth and transformation, and was named by Fortune magazine“The most outstanding manager of the century”, Also known as the“Neutron Bomb Jack”（Neutron Jack).The life of this management legend lies in2020year3month1The day came to an end.He died of kidney failure in New York that day at the age of84year old.
1960In 1988, Welch, who had just received a PhD in chemical engineering from the University of Illinois, joined General Electric.until2001year9Retire in September, Welch has only been loyal toa company.
Outstanding talents allowed Welch to advance all the way within General Electric.In the first of entering the company21Years, only45Years oldBecame the eighth chairman and CEO,He is the youngest leader in the history of this company.
In himA few months before taking office, Reagan took office as President of the United States. His low tax rate and pro-commercial policies provided an opportunity for large multinational companies in the United States to expand. Welch led General Electric to become one of the best.
After20In the year,WelchRuleUniversalElectric stock prices rose more than40Times the market value4100Billion U.S. dollars, once became the world’s most valuable company second only to Microsoft，Welch“The world’s firstCEO”Famous name.
Welch’s“iron hand”Style has also caused controversy.He cracked down on bureaucracy, mass layoffs, and wage cuts.CEOIn the first five years, GM’s total number of employees has decreased by approximately11Million people.Welch’s entrepreneurial culture is believed to have“Darwinism”Tendency, critics call it a symbol of corporate greed and economic inequality.
66At that year, Welch retired bravely and received the largest severance payment in history.4.17One hundred million U.S. dollars.
Buffett once said that Welch is the tiger of management·Woods, allCEOAll wanted to imitate him, but with little success. If they could ponder what Welch had said, they might be one step closer to him.
John Lewis: The “Lion” of the Civil Rights Movement
“Never, never be afraid to make noise and get into good trouble, necessary trouble.”
On August 28, 1963, the leader of the American civil rights movement, Martin Luther King, outside the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, faced 250,000 protesters who took part in the “March to Washington” operation and demanded the abolition of the apartheid system and published the famous “I Have a dream” speech. Next to him stood a 23-year-old black young man who was not tall and had a stature. He is one of the six organizers of the Washington parade and the youngest speaker at the rally: John Lewis.
On July 17, 57 years later, Lewis died of pancreatic cancer. He was the last of the speakers at the Washington March to die at the age of 80.
Lewis is the son of a tenant farmer in Alabama. At that time, Alabama was a “deep south” state, shrouded in the shadow of early slavery in the colony. Lewis, who grew up under the strict apartheid system, had only seen two white men by the age of 6.
Because he was rejected by a university that only admits white people, the 18-year-old Lewis wrote a letter to Martin Luther King and quickly met him himself. Since then, he has devoted himself to the civil rights movement and repeatedly launched protests. He was seriously injured many times. Because of his strong leadership style, the Associated Press likened him to the “lion” of the civil rights movement.
After the Civil Rights Act of 1964 banned any form of segregation and discrimination, Lewis entered the political arena and insisted on continuing to fight for black rights in a peaceful and non-violent way. In 1986, Lewis was elected to the House of Representatives in Georgia as a Democrat and was re-elected for 17 terms until his death. In the spring of 2020, the death of Freud, a black man, ignited a wave of civil rights in the United States. Lewis, who was seriously ill, also voiced his support. This was his last public appearance.
In a statement announcing Lewis’s death, Speaker of the House of Representatives Pelosi said that Lewis is one of the greatest heroes in the history of the United States and the congressional’conscience’. “
Ginsberg: American feminist giant
“I don’t ask gender to give me privileges. I only want my fellow males to remove their feet from our necks.”
On September 18, 2020, less than two months before the general election, the liberal representative of the U.S. Supreme Court and Justice Ginsburg died of complications from pancreatic cancer at the age of 87. The American feminist movement has since lost a soul figure.
Ginsberg, born in a family of German-Jewish immigrants in New York, is the second female justice in the history of the Supreme Court. As a woman, Ginsberg experienced the bitterness of gender inequality in the first half of her life: he was demoted due to pregnancy, was questioned by Harvard Law School why he occupied the male quota, and he was given the number one transcript of Columbia Law School. The law firm turned it away.
In 1963, Ginsberg became a professor of law at Rutgers University in New Jersey and founded the non-profit organization American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)’s Women’s Rights Program. In the long and legendary career that followed, Ginsberg, who was only 1.5 meters tall, has become the “giant” of American feminism and liberalism.
In 1972, Ginsberg became the first woman to receive a tenure at Columbia University Law School. Twenty years later, she was nominated by then President Bill Clinton to serve as a Supreme Court justice.
During his 27 years in the Supreme Court, Ginsberg’s most important “victory” was the repeal of the Virginia Military Academy’s rule that only recruited male students. In her judgment, she pointed out that the United States should allow women to use their skills to make contributions to society.
Clinton said in a statement after Ginsberg’s death that she was one of the most outstanding justices in the history of the Supreme Court, and her performance exceeded his highest expectations. The current Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, John G. Roberts, said at Ginsberg’s memorial service that her life is exactly what the “American Dream” should be.
It is reported that Ginsberg’s greatest wish before his death was not to appoint a new justice before the new president was released, but it was not realized. Just 8 days after Ginsberg’s death, President Trump nominated Barrett to fill the seat, which was approved by Congress the following month, opening a period when conservatives had an absolute advantage in the Supreme Court.
Lee Jianxi: South Korea’s “Economic President”
“Except for your children and wife, replace them all!”
The Korean business community experienced a big shock in 2020. Lee Jianxi, the chairman of Samsung Group, died on October 25, 2020, at the age of 78 after being hospitalized for 6 years due to myocardial infarction.At this point, the Samsung Group and the whole of Korea’s Lee Kin Hee era came to an end.
Lee Kin Hee is the youngest son of Lee Bingzhe, founder of Samsung Group. When he was young, Li Jianxi has shown extraordinary business talent. He was the first to perceive the importance of the semiconductor industry, and despite his father’s opposition to investing with personal assets, he obtained a 50% stake in a Korean semiconductor company, which was also the predecessor of Samsung’s semiconductor division.
In 1987, Li Bingzhe passed away, and Li Jianxi, who was only 45 years old, became the second-generation head of Samsung and embarked on the road of “second entrepreneurship” that made Samsung a world-class super-class enterprise.
In the list of the top 100 global brands released by the US “Business Week” in August 2020, Samsung Electronics ranked fifth, keeping pace with Apple, Amazon, Google, and Microsoft. In the fields of electronics, insurance, construction, and chemicals, Samsung is also a pillar of South Korea.
Li Jianxi himself ranked 97th in the “Hurun Global Top 100 Entrepreneurs” in April 2020 with a wealth equivalent to RMB 92 billion. He is the richest man in South Korea, and some people even call him the “economic president” of South Korea. Reuters once described Li Jianxi this way: “When he sneezes, the entire South Korea will catch a cold.”
The process and period of Li Jianxi becoming a world-class entrepreneur is actually consistent with the context of South Korean enterprises and even the Korean economy from the edge of the United States, Japan, and Europe on the center stage of the world economy.
KoreaChaebolversusgovernmentof“close”relationshipOn Li Jianxiand alsogetreflect。In 1996, Li Jianxi was sentenced to a two-year probation for bribery, and was exempted the following year; in 2008, he was sentenced to three years in prison for allegedly illegally transferring business rights and tax evasion, with a five-year probation. Exempt.
According to calculations, the stock inheritance tax payable by Li Jianxi’s heirs is 11.04 trillion won (about 65.16 billion yuan), a record high in South Korea’s history. The inheritance tax on land and real estate is also quite large.
Sean Connery: The First 007
“My name is Bond-James Bond.”
Deep eyes, high nose bridge, thin lips, and a thin and tall figure, the British “Ace Agent” James·Bond’s sexy, mysterious and deep in Sean·Connery was vividly reflected.
2020year10month31Connery died at his home in the Bahamas at the age of90year old.
Connery, dressed in a suit, is personable and has the unrestrained and unrestrained style of a British gentleman.But in reality, Connery came from a poor family, and his family squeezed in a single apartment in Edinburgh, Scotland..he13Dropped out of school at the age of,OnceJoin the navy，After being dischargedalsoHave beenTruck driver, security、Model，Good atplay footballHisHe was even invited to join Manchester United at one time.
ConneryOnce repelled six underworld thieves by being aloneEdinburghFamous, Bond-likeTough guyHis style has begun to show on him since this time.
While working in a community theater, Connery fell in love with performances, gave up the road of football, and started from the game. He later said proudly that that was one of the wisest life choices he made.
1962year,Connery in the first“007”the film”007Played in “Dr. Zino”Bond became famous all at once and then starred5unit“007”Movie series，YesMany people007The perfect incarnation of.In the British Broadcasting Times 20208In the monthly poll, Connery56%Was elected“Best James·Bond actor”。
1971Finished shooting007After “The Diamond”,Connery announceddrop out“007”series. Since then, he has appeared in many movies such as “The Green Knight”, “The Name of the Rose” and “Challenger”.Countless awards，among themWith “Iron Face Selflessness”PickWon Oscar for Best Supporting Actor。
60Connery was voted 20th Century by People Magazine“Sexiest man”。After 10 yearshealsoReceived the Jazz Medal from the Queen of England.
2003After starring in the movie “Avenging Soldiers” in 1999, Connery announced that he would stop filming, and two years later he won the Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Film Institute.
Maradona: Making Football Myths
“Thank you football.”
Same in footballFarewell to a legend, Diego·Maradona is gone, in2020year11month25Ri died of sudden cardiac arrest.More than two weeks ago, he just finished60Birthday.
After the news came out, allThe world’s media were swiped by the name Maradona.It turns out that even if you walk off the court20Years later, Maradona’s name has never been forgotten.
Mention Maradona, you can’t avoid it1986Mexico’s World Cup in 2016, it was Maradona’s“Conferred”Battle.In the quarterfinals, Maradonaborrow“hand of God”Scored the most notorious handball in football history,4Connected again in minutes5One more pill“Century goal”, Led Argentina to defeat the national rival England, and finally won the championship。inArgentina, whose economy and military were hit hard at the timeMaradonaBeRegarded asnational hero.
During his national team career, he represented the Argentina team in4World Cup, appearances91Scored34ball.In his club career, MaradonaLeading Naples to break the pattern of the Central and Northern teams dominating football at the time and win two Serie A titles. An Argentine became a legend in Italy.
Compared with the glory of the first half of his life, Maradona’s second half of his life looked bleak.he is1980YearsContaminated with drug addiction.inAt the peak of his career90In the 1940s, he was banned for violating drug regulations15Months later, he was kicked out of the World Cup because of a failed drug test.
1997In 2015, after the third drug test was positive, Maradona37Announcing his retirement on his birthday. Since then, he has coached the Argentine national team and many club teams, and has never been able to continue his legend.
Outside the stadium, Maradona has close relations with Latin American leftist politics。heBodyHaveWithLatin AmericaRevolutionary leaderofTattoo.Venezuelan President Maduro revealed after his death that Maradona had secretly delivered food to Venezuela, which was sanctioned by the United States, and called him Venezuelan’s“Brothers and best friends”。
Whether it is an angel or a devil, Maradona has never stepped down from the altar. On the day of his burial, Argentine people chased the coffin and shouted:“Diego is not dead, Diego lives among the people.”
Fu Gaoyi:Sinologists proficient in Sino-Japanese affairs
“It is difficult for foreigners to truly understand China. What I do is try my best to make them understand.”
Fu Gaoyi (Ezra Vogel) Is one of the Americans who know China best.
He is Henry of Harvard University·Emeritus Professor of Sociology at Ford II, formerly FairbankChina Studies Center andDirector of the East Asian Research Center, East Asian research expert, enjoys at Harvard“Mr. China”Title。heProficient in Chinese and Japanese, he is considered to be a rare scholar in the United States who is proficient in Sino-Japanese affairs.
2020year12month20Fu Gaoyi died in a hospital in Cambridge, Massachusetts at the age of90year old.
When studying for a PhD in sociology at Harvard University, Fu Gaoyi, who was originally determined to engage in American sociological research, was inspired by his mentor and took his wife to Japan, opening the way for Japanese studies.according toThis paragraphexperience, Fu Gaoyi published his first book——“Japan’s Emerging Middle Class”,become“One of the most cutting-edge American observers on modern Japan”。
1960yearAfter returning to America, Fu Gaoyi wassinologistFei Zhengqing selected and entered the Harvard University Center for East Asian Studies to study Chinese.ThisYesA turning point in his academic career。There were very few American scholars studying China at that time，alsoIt’s a critical period for the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and the United States，Fu Gaoyigot inside“Pioneer”Ranks。
2000After his retirement from Harvard University,70Fu Gaoyi began to write Deng Xiaoping’s biography.year. His “Deng Xiaoping Times” is regarded as an important work that objectively introduces contemporary China to the West since the reform and opening up.
Until his death, Fu Gaoyi had been active in his field of research, and had repeatedly accepted media interviews to express his views on issues such as Sino-US relations.12month1On Japan, Fu Gaoyi attended a video seminar at the Beijing Xiangshan Forum and analyzed the new opportunities brought by US President-elect Biden to Sino-US relations. This is Fu Gaoyi’s last appearance in the Chinese media.
Cui Tiankai, Chinese Ambassador to the United States, recalled in his tweet that Fu Gaoyi was an outstanding scholar of Chinese studies and an old friend of the Chinese people. He devoted his life to enhancing mutual understanding between the peoples of China and the United States, and made significant contributions to the friendship between the peoples of China and the United States and Sino-US relations.