those countries where abortion is not allowed

After more than twelve hours of debate in the Senate, Argentina adopted a law on Wednesday, December 30 legalizing abortion. Voluntary termination of pregnancy (abortion) will now be possible up to 14 weeks of pregnancy. It was previously only allowed in cases of rape or danger to the mother’s life, according to a law dating from 1921.

Already in 2018, the Chamber of Deputies gave hope to feminists in the country by approving a law on abortion. But it had been rebutted by the Senate. So it’s for Argentines the end of a long fight to obtain the right to abort, and thus avoid unwanted pregnancies.

If the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights considered that “the criminalization of abortion and the impossibility of adequately accessing services for the termination of unwanted pregnancy are forms of discrimination based on sex“, many countries continue to ban abortion.

In Latin America and Africa, little legalization

In Latin America, Argentina thus becomes one of the few countries to allow abortion, with Uruguay, Guyana, Cuba and French Guyana. Elsewhere it is or prohibited purely and simply like in Nicaragua, or allowed only in cases of risk to the life of the mother, rape or non-viability of the fetus, such as in Chile or Brazil. In the latter country, led by Jair Bolsonaro, women who request an abortion must now see the embryo or fetus on an ultrasound before, reports The world.

On the African continent too, abortion is not very authorized, except in South Africa, Tunisia and under certain conditions in Mozambique. It is illegal in the vast majority of other countries as in Congo, Egypt, Guinea-Bissau, or Madagascar for example, with only a few exceptions in case of risk to the mother or rape.

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In Asia, South Korea’s legislation is expected to change soon. The country’s highest court ruled in April 2019 that the abortion ban was unconstitutional. A bill was introduced last October to allow it up to fourteen weeks pregnant. Philippines and Laos also ban abortion. In the Middle East, it is also largely illegal, except in Turkey. In 2012, the Turkish Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan, however, said he considered abortion “murder”, and many hospitals no longer practice it, indicated in 2019 Le Figaro.

In the United States and Europe, abortion is sometimes threatened

On the side of Oceania, New Zealand has decriminalized only in March 2020 abortion. Australia’s last state opposed to abortion, New South Wales, authorized it in September 2019. In the Palau Islands, it is still outlawed.

In the United States, abortion is legal. But some states, such as Alabama, Georgia or Tennessee have adopted laws which restrict it in practice. Thus, many women have to travel to a neighboring state to have an abortion.

Finally, in Europe, there are still some anti-abortion strongholds. Ireland, for example, only authorized it at the end of 2018. In Andorra, San Marino, Malta or the Vatican, it is prohibited. In Poland, too, the legislation on abortion is strict: according to a 1993 law, it is only allowed in cases of rape or incest, when the mother’s life is in danger or in cases of serious malformation. of the fetus. Last October, the Constitutional Court outlawed the latter provision, triggering a wave of protests across the country. The decision was ultimately put on hold.

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