Today’s ephemeris, January 15, 2023 What happened on January 15?

On this day of the year 1759The British Museum opens its doors in London. In 1967, the first Super Bowl is played, the most important event in American football. The Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10. In 2001Wikipedia, the free and published Internet encyclopedia created by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, is born.

What happened on January 15?

1759/ The British Museum opens its doors in London.

1892/ James Naismith publishes the rules of basketball.

1919/ Assassination in Berlin of Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht, founders of the German Communist Party and main leaders of the Spartacist insurrection in the German capital.

>> Molasses Disaster: In Boston, USA, a large molasses tank explodes causing flooding, killing 21 and injuring 150.

1933/ In Madrid, Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, President of the Republic, inaugurates the Faculty of Philosophy and Letters, the first in the University City.

1934/ An earthquake of magnitude 8 shakes Nepal and the Indian state of Bihar, causing some 12,000 deaths.

1941/ Alfonso XIII abdicates in Rome his rights to the Spanish throne to his son Prince don Juan, Count of Barcelona.

1943/ Inauguration of the Pentagon, headquarters of the US Department of Defense, near Washington.

1944/ The Argentine city of San Juan is destroyed by an earthquake.

1962/ The Derveni papyrus, the oldest preserved manuscript in Europe, was found in Greece.

1967/ The first Super Bowl is played, the most important event in American football. The Green Bay Packers beat the Kansas City Chiefs 35-10.

1971/ Inauguration of the great Aswan dam, on the Nile River.

1992/ The European Community recognizes the independence of Croatia and Slovenia, which means the dismemberment of Yugoslavia as a unitary State for European purposes.

>> ETA terrorists assassinate Professor Manuel Broseta, in Valencia.

1996/ Mario Vargas Llosa takes possession of the “L” chair of the Royal Spanish Academy.

>> The prime minister of Greece, the socialist Andreas Papandreou, resigns as a result of a serious respiratory illness.

2000/ Serbian paramilitary leader Zeljko Raznatovic, “Arkan”, accused of war crimes, is assassinated in Belgrade.

2001/ Wikipedia, the free and published Internet encyclopedia created by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger, is born.

2004/ NASA’s “Spirit” robot begins exploring Mars.

2005/ First sentence for the mistreatment of Iraqi prisoners in the Abu Ghraib prison: a Texas court sentences Charles Graner to ten years in prison and expulsion from the Army.

2006/ Alberto Núñez Feijóo replaces Manuel Fraga as president of the PP of Galicia.

2007/ Two of Saddam Hussein’s collaborators executed in Baghdad: his half-brother, Barzan al-Tikriti, and Judge Awad al-Bandar.

2009/ The Israeli Army kills the Hamas Interior Minister, Said Siam, in the Gaza Strip.

>> Ditching of an Airbus 320 plane in the Hudson River, in New York, piloted by Chesley Sullenberger. The 155 travelers are saved.

2013/ More than 80 dead in an attack on the Syrian university in Aleppo.

2018/ The Court of Barcelona sentences Félix Millet to 9 years and Jordi Montull to 7 for the looting of the Palau; and Convergencia Democrática (CDC) to pay 6.6 million for the collection of commissions in exchange for the award of public works.

2019/ The British Parliament rejects the agreement with the EU on “Brexit” and the Labor Party presents a motion of no confidence against the Government.

2020/ The United States and China sign the first phase of a trade agreement.

>> The Russian government resigns en bloc after Putin announces changes to the Constitution.

What happened on January 15 in America?

1796/ The alleged mortal remains of Christopher Columbus landed in Havana, coming from Santo Domingo.

1859/ A revolution breaks out in Haiti that dethrones Emperor Faustino I.

1875/ Military coup in Uruguay. José Ellauri cedes executive power to Pedro Varela.

1881/ Battle of Miraflores, during the Pacific War, between the Chilean and Peruvian armies, which gives victory to the former, opening the doors of Lima for them.

1985/ Tancredo Neves is appointed president of Brazil by the Electoral College, although he died before taking office.

2006/ Michelle Bachelet wins the elections in Chile and becomes the first woman to become President.

Who was born on January 15?

1809/ Pierre Joseph Proudhon, French socialist philosopher.

1826/ Marie Pasteur, French scientist, collaborator of her husband, Louis Pasteur.

1888/ María Isabel Carvajal (Carmen Lyra), Costa Rican writer.

1896/ Víctor de la Serna, Spanish writer born in Chile.

1906/ Aristotle Onassis, Greek shipowner and billionaire.

1908/ Edward Teller, Hungarian-born American physicist.

1918/ Gamal Abdel Nasser, President of Egypt (1956-1970).

1919/ Maurice Herzog, French mountaineer and politician.

1922/ Paul Casimir Marcinkus, American archbishop.

1926/ Maria Schell, Austrian actress of Swiss origin.

1927/ Armando Morales, Nicaraguan painter.

1929/ Martin Luther King, American black leader, defender of human rights.

>> Luis Caruncho, Spanish painter, sculptor and engraver.

1955/ José Montilla, Spanish politician, former president of Catalonia.

>> Thierry Breton, French businessman and politician.

1965/ María San Gil, Spanish politician.

1968/ Iñaki Urdangarin, husband of the Infanta Cristina de Borbón.

1969/ Raffaella Petrini, Italian monja, “número dos” of the Vatican.

1975/ Mary Pierce, French tennis player.

1980/ David Muñoz (Dabiz Muñoz), Spanish chef.

1981/ Manuel Carrasco, Spanish singer.

>> “Pitbull” (Armando Christian Pérez), Cuban-American rapper/singer.

1991/ Marc Bartra, Spanish soccer player.

Who died on January 15?

1597/ Juan de Herrera, Spanish architect, author of the El Escorial monastery.

1988/ Sean Mc Bride, Irish politician, Nobel Peace Prize in 1974.

1998/ Junior Wells, American blues musician.

2004/ Olivia Goldsmith, American writer.

2005/ Victoria de los Ángeles, Spanish soprano.

2006/ Sheikh Jaber al Ahmad al Sabah, Emir of Kuwait.

2007/ Bo Yibo, historical leader of the Chinese Communist Party.

2009/ Tommy Muñiz, Puerto Rican actor and television producer.

2012/ Manuel Fraga Iribarne, Spanish politician, founder of the Popular Party (PP).

2016/ Paco Gisbert, Spanish film director and producer.

2017/ Isidro Baldenegro, Mexican indigenous leader.

2018/ Dolores O’Riordan, Irish singer, leader of “The Cranberries”.

>> Edwin Hawkins, American gospel singer, famous for his song “Oh, Happy Day.”

2019/ Carol Channing, American actress and singer.

>> Eduardo Martín Toval, historical Spanish socialist leader.

2021/ Gerardo Malla, Spanish actor and theater director, 84 years old.

>> Vicente Cantatore, Argentine soccer player and coach nationalized Chilean.

Santoral of January 15.

  • Raquel.
  • Paul (hermit).
  • Mauro.
  • Macario.
  • Micah.

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