Writing / The Voice of Michoacán
USA. Rapper Tupac Shakur’s stepfather, Mutulu Shakur, has been paroled after spending nearly 37 years in prison, according to US Bureau of Prisons records.
The Parole Commission granted his request for parole in October, after denying two previous requests in 2016 and in April, so that Shakur, who has cancer, can spend his remaining days with his family.
The commission determined that Shakur’s health had “significantly deteriorated,” which they said left him “infirm in mind and body” and “no longer physically capable of committing any federal, state or local crime,” according to the court. New York Daily News.
Shakur, 72, was diagnosed with stage 3 multiple myeloma, a blood cancer that can damage the immune system, bones and kidneys, according to NBC News. Due to his health problems, he was being held at a federal medical center in Lexington, Kentucky.
Following his release, Shakur’s family released a statement on their website saying: “Mutulu is now with his family. This victory was secured by the strong support of his legal team, his family and his community of all of you. .. We ask that everyone respect Dr. Shakur’s privacy as he spends the holidays with his family and focuses on his health and healing.”
As part of his release, Shakur was ordered not to have contact with any of the relatives of those killed in the robberies or his sister Assata Shakur, who is on the run from the law, according to the New York Daily News.
In 1975 he married fellow civil rights activist Afeni Shakur, mother of Tupac Shakur. They had a daughter, Sekyiwa, and divorced in 1982.
Tupac Shakur, who went by the name 2Pac, was assassinated in 1996 at the age of 25. He was later inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2017 for his cultural influence through hiphop.
Shakur was born in Baltimore, Maryland on August 8, 1950, as Jeral Wayne Williams. At age 7 he moved to Queens, New York, with his mother and his younger sister.
By his late teens, Shakur was politically active with the Revolutionary Action Movement (RAM) and later joined the Republic of New Afrika.
In 1970, Shakur began working with the Lincoln Detox program, which offered drug treatment to addicts using acupuncture, instead of the FDA-approved drug methadone. He eventually became the deputy director of the program and remained associated with the program until 1978. He became certified and licensed to practice acupuncture in the state of California in 1979. He then helped found and direct the Black Acupuncture Advisory Association of North America (BAAANA) and the Harlem Institute of Acupuncture.
Shakur was one of six members of the Black Liberation Army who carried out an armored car robbery in 1981. They stole 1.6 million cash from Brink’s armored car at the Nanuet Mall, in Nanuet, New York, killing the security guard. Brink, Peter Paige, seriously wounding another Brink guard, Joseph Trombino, and subsequently killing two Nyack police officers, Edward O’. Grady and Waverly Brown (the first black member of the Nyack, New York Police Department). Trombino recovered from the injuries he received in this incident, but died in 2001 in the 9/11 attacks.
Shakur, the suspected ringleader of the group, evaded capture for six years and was therefore the last to stand trial on charges related to the robbery. In the 1980s, Shakur and Marilyn Buck were indicted on Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO) charges. While at large, on July 23, 1982, he became the 380th person added to the FBI’s Ten Most Wanted Fugitives list. He was arrested on February 12, 1986 in California by the FBI. Shakur and Buck were tried in 1987 and convicted on May 11, 1988.
Last year, the families of the three slain men held a memorial to mark the 40th anniversary of the loss of their loved ones in Nyack, New York, The Journal News reported.
“The pain and emotion never go away,” Michael Paige, whose father, Peter Paige, was killed in a robbery, said at the ceremony. “October 20 is the hardest day of the year for my family. Coming here lets us know that we are not alone and that the sacrifices of the three men were not in vain.”
Since his incarceration, he founded a New York-based organization called Dare 2, which released a 10th anniversary Tupac Shakur album called “A 2Pac tribute: Dare 2 Struggle” in 2006. The album features artists such as Mopreme Shakur, Outlawz and Imaan Faith. As Shakur explained, the CD was created to motivate, inspire and challenge Black people to fight their obstacles. He also recorded a radio PSA for Deejay Ra’s “Hip-Hop Literacy” campaign, which encouraged reading books about Tupac. Shakur was interviewed in the Oscar-nominated documentary “Tupac: Resurrection,” in which he described how he wrote “Thug Life Handbook” with Tupac, expressing a message against drugs and violence.