Each January 15 The birth of the man who led the Civil Rights movement in the United States is commemorated: Martin Luther King Jr.
The activist was born in Atlanta, Georgia, the January 15, 1929. He was the son of the Reverend Martin Luther King and Mrs. Alberta Williams King. He studied Systematic Theology at Boston University.
Growing up, Luther King witnessed the discrimination suffered by the African Americans in the United States, even though the Founding Fathers established that all Americans should live as heirs to the legacy of dignity and worth.
He knew that he could fight peacefully for his community, so his civil and political actions were aimed at ending racial segregation.
Many remember him for his legendary speech I have a dream delivered on August 28, 1963, before more than 250,000 people in Washington:
“I have a dream … One day this nation will rise up and live the true meaning of its creed: that all men are created equal” are words that every American has heard.
His legacy is so deep that he third Monday in January of each year he is remembered with the Martin Luther King Jr.Day, a federal holiday designated as a day of service to encourage all Americans to volunteer to improve their communities.
This 2021, the day of Martin Luther King Jr. is the Monday, January 18.
The United States Embassy in Argentina organized a compendium of civil and political actions for which the activist would be remembered as the Father of the Civil Rights Movement.
1) In 1955 he organized and led a boycott against public transportation in the city of Montgomery, Alabama. The reason? African Americans were forced to sit in the back of the bus. The rebellion started when Rosa Parks she refused to change seats in the face of the threat of being jailed.
African Americans weren’t just segregated in transportation. They were denied the right to housing equal to others and in many hotels and restaurants they were forbidden to enter or sit. 380 days after this move, the Supreme Court declared that Alabama’s segregation law was unconstitutional, ”says the Embassy.
2) Martin Luther King Jr. founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference which was key to the beginning of the Civil Rights Movement. Through it, he organized peaceful protests against discrimination against the African-American community. He was arrested at least 30 times when demonstrating.
3) He was a great speaker. He August 23, 1963 gathered more than 250,000 people in Washington DC during a demonstration to approve that every American had equal Civil Rights, regardless of skin color. “A year later, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was approved,” remarks the United States Embassy.
Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on April 4, 1968 during a workers’ strike in Memphis, Tennessee.